Chicken Turkey Duck Quail
Fish Shellfish Molluscs

AVOID: Raw and Cooked

Lamb Pork Rabbit Kangaroo
Beef Ham Goat Buffalo
Veal Bacon Venison


  • Avoid all products made from these meats, especially pan juice gravy made from these meats.
  • Inquire carefully about all ingredients when eating away from home as mammalian meat products may be combined with fish or poultry e.g. chicken cooked in veal stock.
  • Take care to avoid cross contamination between utensils or cooking surfaces, e.g. at a barbecue (take your own wrapped food), or on a hotplate, grill or wok in a restaurant. Telephone ahead where possible when eating out, to ensure an appropriate meal is provided.
  • Travel warning: While overseas, you may be offered exotic mammalian meats, cheeses or milks, such as horse, dog, guinea pig, whale.
  • Foods containing gelatine from animal sources (usually from beef or pork) may less commonly give rise to allergic symptoms. If this applies to you, avoid jelly, jelly-type and jube confectionery, thickened gelatine desserts such as mousse, also dairy products e.g. some yoghurts, cheese spread or margarine. Food thickeners free of alpha-gal are seaweed type (400 to 407a), bacterium type (415 and 418) and pectins and fruit (440).
Avoid Products from Mammalian Meats, including organic, halal and kosher sources

  • Gravies and sauces, pre-packaged – read labels carefully
  • Tallow, beef and meat fat, lard, suet, dripping and foods cooked in these e.g. some hot chips
  • Meat extracts e.g. Bonox, Bovril
  • Delicatessen meats e.g. Devon, sausages, salami, prosciutto, pate, liverwurst
  • Soups, soup powder, stock cubes, liquid stocks – check all labels, some will be suitable
  • ‘Flavour’ ingredient in savoury packaged products , if not specified on the label, should be checked with the manufacturer
  • Rennet, the coagulant in cheese making, made from animal sources, especially likely to be present in some imported cheeses. Rennet of microbial origin is safe to use. Check source if not stated.
  • Ingredient lists of savoury foods need always to be examined for meat ingredients.

CAUTION: An adequate continuing intake of iron in the diet needs to be assured.

Can mammalian milk be a concern?

Some people who have been diagnosed with mammalian meat allergy also report symptoms following the consumption of milk and/or milk products.

If you have not suspected milk previously, and your symptoms are completely controlled by following the mammalian meat free diet, removing milk and milk products from your diet will not be necessary at this time. Hard cheese e.g. cheddar with microbial rennet is usually tolerated in these circumstances.

Obvious Milk Foods

Less Obvious Milk Foods

Milk – cow, goat, horse, sheep, buffalo.

Plain, skim, whole, low fat, reduced fat, condensed, evaporated, dried, solids, A2, fat modified.

Butter, buttermilk.

Cheese, all kinds.

Cream, sour cream.

Ice cream


Whey (liquid from cheese-making)




Casein (a milk protein)

Words beginning with LACT or LACTO


Lactose free milk

HA infant formula

Baby rusks and baby foods

Baked goods – biscuits, cakes, pastries, muffins, and other mixes.

Powder flavourings for milk

Crisps and other flavoured snack foods

Creme fraiche, fromage frais

Desserts, pre-prepared

Margarine (most have milk added)

Soy cheese (most have milk casein)

Sauces and soups.

If milk causes symptoms, calcium intake needs to be maintained by substituting other calcium containing foods such as calcium fortified soy, oat or rice milk, soy milk yoghurt and other foods. All cheeses, including goat and sheep cheese would be excluded from the diet. In a few cases, a calcium supplement may be needed. Seek advice from an Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD) if you need to avoid milk as well as mammalian meats.

Sample Meal Pattern (Food) Choices Which Avoid Mammalian Meat (if milk tolerated)





Fresh fruit and/or dried

Toast or crumpets with butter/margarine

Yeast extract/nut butter/jam

Milk on cereal

Cooked Breakfast

Sauteed vegetables

Egg, cooked in oil e.g. scrambled with tomato

Fish e.g. sardines, tuna on toast

Cheese on toast

Tuna/salmon/cold chicken

or turkey with salad or cooked vegetables

Any of the above in a multigrain sandwich or roll, wrap, or packed lunchbox, or as a hot lunch


Use foods from previous dinner

Yoghurt or fruit

Grilled, baked or fried fish, use vegetable oil or

Chicken or turkey – grilled, roasted or in a casserole

Legume dish, main or side

e.g. dhal, chickpea salad

Potato/pasta/couscous/ rice

Cooked vegetables or salad, all varieties


Fruit, fresh/cooked/canned


Fruit – fresh or dried, fruit smoothie, nuts or fruit and nut mix or muesli bar (if not nut or seed allergic), hard cheese or homemade dips e.g. hummus or fresh vegetable with plain or wholegrain cracker biscuits (check the fat), olives, toast with spreads e.g. yeast extract, nut butter or jam, sandwiches for the hungry.

If you need to avoid milk, use the plant derived milks (Soy, rice, oat, almond) as a drink and in cooking, or as advised.